在他上任不到两个月,总统ident Joe Biden convened the first-ever leaders’ meeting of theQuadrilateral Security Dialogue（“四边形”）。这群领导民主国家的印度 - 澳大利亚，印度，日本和美国 - 寻求平衡和反击中国的自信行为，保护基于规则的区域秩序。
Focus on Vaccine Diplomacy
This meeting with Australia’s Prime Minister Scott Morrison, India’s Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Japan’s Prime Minister Yoshihide Suga, which took place on March 12 by videoconference, was President Biden’s first major foreign policy initiative. It focused substantially on vaccine diplomacy, an area where China has already established a lead. The leaders agreed on a “Quad Vaccine Partnership” to supply up to one billion coronavirus vaccines across the Indo-Pacific by the end of 2022. The U.S. and Japan plan to fund Indian production of Johnson and Johnson’s single-dose vaccine, which Australia will then distribute across Southeast Asia.
其他key issues on the Quad agenda were climate change, which was identified as a priority for the Quad and the Indo-Pacific region, along with critical and emerging technologies. To take its work forward, the Quad established working groups for vaccine experts, climate, and critical and emerging technology. Highlighting the potential important role of the Quad looking ahead, the leaders agreed to hold an in-person summit by the end of 2021.
Before reaching the recent summit, the history of the Quad has been a long and winding road. The four countries came together as an ad-hoc group, the “Tsunami Core Group,” to respond to the tragic 2004 Boxing Day tsunami, which devastated communities in Indonesia, Sri Lanka, India and Thailand.
In light of China’s assertive behavior under President Xi Jinping, in 2017, the Quad was revived as Quad 2.0 at the senior officials and ministerial level.
Since President Biden is very keen to work closely with allies and partners in balancing China, in contrast to former President Donald Trump’s go-it-alone style, he seized upon the informal grouping as a ready-made vehicle for democratic countries to work together. President Biden has even described the Quad as a “vital arena for cooperation in the Indo-Pacific.”
The Quad summit was followed by a meeting on March 18 in Anchorage, Alaska, between U.S. Foreign Secretary Antony Blinken andNational Security Adviser杰克苏里那有their Chinese counterparts, including Foreign Minister Wang Yi, the first high-level meeting betweensenior American and Chinese officials自1月20日拜登管理局的就职典礼。
The Quad could become an effective way for Australia, India, Japan and the United States to work together in the Indo-Pacific.
Quad有可能成为美国巨大的竞争对手的关键车。虽然没有关于中国的参考Quad的公报，“四川省的精神”在重复的引用中对“自由和开放的印度 - 太平洋”进行了清晰。例如，四边形努力“for a region that is free, open, inclusive, healthy, anchored by democratic values, and unconstrained by coercion.”
经过四年的前总统唐纳德特朗普的不稳定领导地位，其他四位议员显然很高兴看到美国返回美国的回归。在印度 - 太平洋地区的传统作用。
澳大利亚n Prime Minister Scott Morrison even described the Quad as the arrival of a “new dawn.” Australia was also heartened when President Biden’s Indo-Pacific czar, Kurt Campbell, indicated that the U.S. will not grant China any improvement in relations until Beijing stops itseconomic coercion of Australia。
One of the major irritants in the Australia/China relationship is its intimate alliance with the U.S. Australia has also been a laggard in addressing climate change for some time and is now expected to come under pressure from the U.S. administration to lift its game.
For its part, Japan plays a delicate juggling game between China, its principal trading partner, and the U.S., its security guarantor. It would not appreciate being pressured to adopt hardline policies against China. And India, with its tradition of non-aligned foreign policies, is also keen to balance economic and security concerns in its relationship with China.
Complicating the ASEAN Relationship
Another complicating factor is the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), which goes to great lengths to not get involved in China/U.S. rivalry, despite being a major battleground for influence between the two sides. The Quad communique was very careful to give a nod to ASEAN: “We reaffirm our strong support for ASEAN’s unity and centrality as well as the ASEAN outlook on the Indo-Pacific.”
所有所说，四川都能成为四个民主国家在印度 - 太平洋共同努力的有效途径。他们可能确实最好是通过持续的“软动力问题”，如疫苗，而不是南海这样的棘手的安全问题。
东南亚州2021ISEAS-Yusof Ishak研究院的报告显示that over 60% of those surveyed would rather see Southeast Asia align with the U.S. than with China, up from 53.6% in 2020. The report shows that the election of President Biden, the pandemic and China’s responses to it are all shifting public opinion in the region (the survey was conducted after the election of President Biden).
它还表明，日本仍然是调查受访者之间最值得信赖的主要权力。总而言之，Quad可以通过继续关注软功率问题 - 这是一个在中国有明显的边缘的区域。