使用自然世界去除碳President of Natural State Tree Global Inc的首席执行官
If we want to maintain a stable climate, both are essential. The cheapest and safest approach to sequestering carbon — the process of capturing and storing carbon from the atmosphere — is through landscape protection and restoration, with a focus on reforestation.
Current projections estimate that we need to restore 950 million hectares — roughly the size of the United States — by 2050 if we hope to maintain a stable climate.
If this continues, we will not achieve the targets the world’s governments have set to stabilize our climate, resulting in the greatest humanitarian and biological crisis in human history.
Reforestation Offers the Biggest Impact
For companies seeking to invest in carbon offsets, which will have a sustainable positive impact on the planet, reforestation projects have several key advantages over avoided deforestation projects.
First, they are recognized globally as one the most impactful investments in the fight against climate change. Second, companies can show with evidence a direct contribution of their project to their stakeholders — customers, shareholders, supply chain partners, etc. Third, reforestation carbon credits are viewed as more credible and valuable in the long term than other types of forest credits.
但这正在发生变化。根据Ecosystem Marketplace，2016年，树木种植项目的偏移量从少于2吨的二氧化碳当量（MTCO2E）增加342％至2018年的8.4 MTCO2E，并分布在世界各地。“
Of course, this is a tiny amount relative to the overall market potential. It represents perhaps 400,000 hectares of reforestation — against a 2050 climate target of 950,000,000 hectares.
美国非营利组织,自然状态identified five barriers preventing reforestation at scale:
Corporate Engagement Is Growing
Although the largest multinationals are leading the charge, companies of all sizes should consider the impact of carbon accountability on their bottom-line performance and sustainability. The impact of climate change poses serious threats to supply chains in every industry.
More intense regulation of carbon emissions is coming, driven by government commitments to global targets and by consumer demands. The litigation risks over climate change are increasing rapidly, and carbon reductions and removals are opening new opportunities to create competitive advantage in traditional business sectors.
With the billions of dollars that have already been committed to offset carbon emissions, a small number of private sector companies could catalyze a large forest restoration carbon market by investing in impact monitoring technology, helping develop more efficient certification and verification processes and paying enough per ton of carbon to restore and protect the forests.
Alexander Rhodes, head of Mishcon Purpose at international law firm Mishcon de Reya states that “Buying cheap carbon credits may look like a great deal now, but — as with most things — you need to understand what you are paying for. Consumers, investors and regulators are demanding increasingly transparent and accountable net-zero strategies, and this is driving new standards. For most corporates, carbon capture will form a central plank of their strategy, and there is significant risk exposure in not doing your due diligence.”
The Trillion Tree Initiative
Companies that take a longer-term view will note that, although the price per ton of carbon of legitimate forest restoration projects is more expensive than the average price per ton, carbon prices are projected to increase significantly, and high-quality forest carbon credits will soon be a lot more expensive.
势头是建设。今年在达沃斯，the Trillion Tree Initiative由世界各地的国家和企业发起。联合国已宣布2021-2030联合国恢复十年。每周，更多的公司都承诺成为碳中性，其中许多是明确关注基于自然的解决方案。