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Fragile States Expect a Rise in Extreme Poverty

Source: World Data Lab projections

到2030年,359 million peopleare expected to live in extreme poverty in fragile states, representing 63% of the world’s poor. The World Bank classifies fragile states as “countries with high levels of institutional and social fragility” and those “affected by violent conflict.” There are currently 39 such identified countries home to almost one billion people.

Nigeria and the Democratic Republic of the Congo are expected to have the largest population living in extreme poverty in 2030, making up one-third of those living in extreme poverty. Children born in these fragile states have a 50% chance of growing up in poverty. For instance, half of Nigeria’s 90 million people in extreme poverty are children under age 15.

Countries with rising poverty also see a parallel increase in longer-term risks, such as conflict relapse. Although researchers expect poverty to decline in other parts of the world,Brookings Institution指出“全球贫困的成功基本上取决于非洲脆弱的国家。”结束极端贫困,“social and economic exclusion” needs to be addressed, along with expanding access to basic services and securinginvestmentfrom other countries.

哪些国家有强制性童年疫苗政策?

来源:我们的数据

Various vaccinations for children are mandatory in 89 countries, recommended in 32 countries and required for school entry in 20 countries. Vaccines have helped reduce the likelihood of child mortality, measles, mumps, rubella, polio, hepatitis B and tuberculosis, to name a few.

Our World in Data发现了疾病爆发是强制性疫苗接种的主要驱动因素,其次是缺乏其他政策选择。大约一半的欧洲国家没有强制性疫苗接种,而美洲中35岁的29个。许多低中低收入国家有强制性政策,但由于疫苗供应,交付和获取限制而错过了他们的目标疫苗接种率 -similar什么theyare encountering with the COVID-19 vaccine.

虽然没有国家已经做了COVID-19 vaccine mandatory因为它的人口,有些人正在考虑这个想法。许多国家也为儿童提供疫苗12岁及以上, with the U.S. vaccinating more than600,000 childrenin less than a week.

商业领袖与乐天劳动力脱节

资料来源:Microsoft工作趋势

Over 40% of the global workforce is considering quitting their jobs. More than half of 18- to 25-year-olds in the workforce are also considering submitting their notice, according toa report by Microsoft。一种U.K. and Ireland survey发现了38% of employees intend to leave their jobs by the end of 2021.

Many employees感觉倦怠during the pandemic — those who just joined the workforce reported feeling this the most. To overcomeemployee exhaustion, the report says that employers need to embrace flexible hybrid options immediately.Forty-two percent of employees, for example, are planning to quit if there are no long-term remote working options offered.

该报告还发现,许多业务leaders are out of touch with workplace burnout. Over 60% of leaders say that they were “thriving” last year — a 23 percentage point difference to those without decision-making authority. Microsoft states that business leaders need to be flexible when readjusting their operating model in order to retain their employees and succeed in a post-COVID workforce.

Declining Battery Prices Could Reduce Global Emissions

来源:我们的数据

The price of lithium-ion battery cells fell by 97% over nearly three decades — since they were first commercially introduced in 1991. The cost halved in just four years,according toOur World in Data, and it’s still declining. Thirty years ago, a battery with a one kilowatt-hour capacity cost $7,500; that same battery cost $181 in 2018.

Improvements in production and技术- 电池越来越小,更轻 - 正在促成锂离子电池的降价。此外,每次安装容量双打,价格平均下降19%。

Battery technology is becoming crucial in storing energy, accelerating the electrification of transportation and expanding the use of stationary batteries. The cost of renewables, previously a barrier in reducing global greenhouse gas emissions, now matches the cost or is cheaper than new fossil fuels.

How Does US Infrastructure Spending Compare Internationally?

Source: Council on Foreign Relations

The United States lags behind in infrastructure spending compared to its international competitors. The U.S.’s projected investment by 2040 is 1.5%, compared to 5.1% in China and 4.1% in Indonesia, which are the global leaders in infrastructure investment.

美国基础设施投资的较低排名与国家的基础设施项目如何资助,according to外交关系理事会。平均而言,欧洲国家在基础设施上花费5%的GDP,而中国则花费大约8% - 美国,同时只花了2.4%的基础设施GDP。欧洲国家也依赖于国家一级的基础设施需求infrastructure in the U.S.is funded at state and local levels. Only 25% of U.S. public infrastructure funding comes from the federal government — down from a peak of 38% nearly 45 years ago.

自20世纪60年代以来,美国人口增加了一倍以上,当建立了大多数国家的基础设施系统时。专家认为,在基础设施进一步投资可以促进长期美国竞争力,更好地装备经济处理与气候有关的冲击并创造就业机会。

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