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How to Regain a Sense of Control in a Survival Mindset

理解人们如何生存——不要survive — extreme situations can provide valuable insights for navigating business crises, according to John Hudson, the chief survival instructor to the British military.

In his book,How to Survive, Lessons for Everyday Life From the Extreme World, John Hudson distills 20 years of studying the choices people have made under the most extreme pressure and shows how these can help business leaders make better decisions at critical moments.

哈德森:当任何人都陷入动态危机事件时,在商业或生存中,我们使用的是我们的物种已经有线了二十千年的同一软件。如果您在您的业务中遇到危机,您的身体将与猎人收集者的身体对看到豹子作出反应的方式相同。

That means that you’re going to be washed with fight, flight or possibly freeze responses, which are chemical hormones that go through your system in the form of cortisol.

Lowering Your Cortisol Levels

这是理想的,如果你在大草原上,因为它使得大型电机活动能够成为动态。如果您想避免具有非常好的愿景,冻结可能是一个很好的适应。但在业务背景下,随着那种多种皮质醇冲洗,特别是只用鼠标才能点击鼠标,这可能意味着您的大脑的前额落型皮质部分 - 您的监督系统 - 可能会受损的执行功能。

It’s worth knowing that from a business context. The simple act of reading bad news might mean you need to take a couple of minutes to do some opposite-type behaviors to lower those cortisol levels.

For example, chewing gum has been proven by psychologists to actively lower the cortisol levels in your system.

Plan, Hope, Work, Plan, Hope, Work

BRINK:In the book, you talk about developing a “survival triangle” when you’re in a crisis. Can you explain what you mean?

HUDSON: What causes people to lose hope is not only the suffering, but the feeling that we cannot control the suffering. That’s where the survival triangle comes in.

If you’ve got a small element of control over a situation, it allows you to act in a positive way toward a known goal, which is a step to recovery. Once you start to exhibit some control over the situation, and this works in business as much as it does in survival, you realize that your suffering is manageable, it is controllable.

灌输希望。

和我们做的希望是为了让自己在其中设想未来,这反过来又允许我们计划。规划然后在自然界变得更加战略。我们看看下一步,下一步,规划本身就启动了进一步的行动。

The action inculcates, hope, the hope allows us to plan — plan, hope, work; plan, hope work. That becomes almost a self-sustaining flywheel, a kind of perseverance engine.

Breaking It Into Smaller Chunks

While we can view survival as a massive task, it’s far better to break it down into smaller chunks; that’s a real skeleton key to unpacking any problem.

Survival is not one big thing, it’s a series of little things, and you can apply that thinking just as effectively to any business setting or board meeting.

BRINK:Could you give a brief vignette of where that worked in survival?

HUDSON: In the Second World War, there were three Australian air crew on a casualty evacuation flight across Northern Australia, and they crashed in this gigantic area of humid swamp.

They were not military-trained survivalists, but what they did was apply common sense with flexible leadership.

They managed to turn the broken airplane into a raft. They managed to float it down a crocodile infested river, with some fairly hairy moments along the way. They walked around what was then a very inhospitable island and ultimately made contact with rescuers.

They applied that hope, plan, work model to completely different problem sets and achieved a series of tactical and operational objectives.

培养一种现实乐观感

BRINK:You talk about something called realistic optimism. What do you mean by that?

哈德森:现实的乐观表是将你能力与情况相匹配的重要组成部分。如果您认为回到那个坚持不懈的引擎,则会匹配您对过去的情况下您所做的事情,并给予它。去尝试一下。通常结果是您可以建立的一些小成功。

Realistic optimism as a term stems from a philosopher warrior called Jim Stockdale, who was an admiral pilot and a student of the philosophy of stoicism. He was captured and held in the Hanoi Hilton for over seven years — I think it was four years in isolation, two years of which was in a cell with a single light bulb continuously on. Two years of horrific levels of deprivation and isolation.

What he noticed was that, paradoxically, the people who didn’t do well in the Hanoi Hilton tended to be the blind optimists, where their optimism wasn’t based on any form of reality. A good example would be guys who were thinking, “Oh, we’ll be home by Christmas.”

Since there was zero evidence to prove you’ll be home by Christmas, putting a brave face on it is just going to lead to disappointment on Boxing Day.

更有效的是一种现实的乐观,在那里你评估了环境的威胁和危害,做出了一个现实的立场和计算他们的可能性,然后锻炼了现实地发生的事情。188bet滚球投注

Then based on that, there’s always a silver lining, no matter how dark the cloud. Focus upon the positive end state that you want to achieve, and use those skills that are within the group or within the organization to work toward them, using those stepping stone goals.

I’ve done some pretty long walks, and if I’d have tried to envisage getting 50 miles across Alaskan wilderness in one go, that would have been a lot. But I was just looking at the next ridgeline, the next bit of forest that provides shelter. It’s been proven that if you break a one-hour task down into two 25 minute blocks, with a five minute rest at the end of each, your productivity soars. It’s a very similar idea and strategy. It’s just applying that kind of thought process in a different way.

The psychologist I’ve worked with most is John Leach. He’s interviewed loads of disaster survivors from some horrific, horrific events. What he’s concluded is that survival is not one big thing, it’s a series of little things.

您可以在任何业务环境或董事会会议上实际应用那种思考。它永远不会像整体一样糟糕。如果你把它分成很少的比特,他们都可以解决。企业环境的好处是您经常有人,您可以将这些任务委托给予。188bet滚球投注

John Hudson

Chief Survival Instructor for U.K. Military @JHSurvival

John Hudsonis the U.K. military’s chief survival instructor, designing and implementing the training of instructors in Land, Sea, and Extreme Environment Survival. Among others, John has survived the elements in Asian and Central American jungles, the Arctic Circle and the high altitudes of the Atacama Desert. He is the author of How to Survive: Lessons for Everyday Life from the Extreme World, and is an elected Fellow of the Royal Geographical Society.

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