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技术

421年间区块链的预测 - 从加密电脑到艺术

今年已被关注的加密电脑和区块链中值得注意的开始。On January 7, the total cryptocurrency market hit an all-time high, exceeding $1 trillion for the first time. Renewed interest in, and conversations around, blockchain technology and digital currencies from industry and government leaders have accompanied the rise.

At the same time, the challenges of 2020 continue, including the global pandemic. COVID-19 dominated the recent达沃斯议程,需要数字解决方案和实时多方访问,以跨多个扇区突出显示的一致信息。

在世界经济论坛上,我们将继续与数百名来自各国政府,商业,民间社会和学术界的专家合作,将汇集在一起看似贬低世界of crypto and long-standing institutions.

身份

All eyes are on digital identity for COVID-related needs — but long-term strategies and implications remain to be seen.

The COVID-19 crisis has increased consumer demand for identity solutions that don’t compromise individual privacy and freedoms. Of course, outlooks of what constitutes the ideal level of privacy preservation vary widely around the world, with China and the U.S. taking deeply divergent perspectives. As the travel industry and various governments continue to explore ideas like “immunitypassports,” which would maintain vaccination and/or testing records, the creation of a global standard around digital credentialing seems both necessary and elusive.

此外,将数字身份锚定为对一个非常具体情况(即前所未有的全球大流行)的反应是什么意思的?数字身份系统与来自的一切相关financial servicesto重新培训劳动力,每个都有明显的要求。关注一个部门而不采取长期视图可以意味着我们丢失了机会,重复努力并创造更复杂的用户体验。

在它所有于,有很少的法规或行业标准,以防止技术解决方案的碎片,保护隐私或促进包容性,互操作性和便携性 - 所有必要的数字资质原则超越时敏用例。随着全球社会努力恢复“正常”,需要确保采用数字凭证的潜在解决方案,利用数字身份界的经验,考虑长期和整体观点,并与公众创造强大的合作伙伴关系当局。

制度领养

Last year was the year of “institutional investment” inbitcoin— a buzzy phrase that was seen across pundit analyses of the crypto rallies — referring to large-scale investments of players such asmassmutual正方形(SQ)。金融机构和服务提供商可能会加强自己的实验,以及今年的加密货币,无论是否通过投资或实际部署。

在某些情况下,它们也用于改善内部过程。例如,在一个达沃斯议程面板Western Union的首席执行官Hikmet Eredk引用了公司使用稳定的“吴币”来交换不同的货币 - 完成“每秒21次”。

As we have been wrestling with the consequences of the greatest social and economic disruption of our lifetimes, the pace of work across the blockchain ecosystem has been accelerating.

COVID-19 also raised the profile of the conversation around central bank digital currencies’勘探区块链技术。我们看到了一些第一个国家一级,基于区块的系统 - 包括在内Bahamas柬埔寨。与此同时,中国的DCEP(数字货币/电子支付)的进展在背景中继续进行,中国人民银行已完成的飞行员in Shenzhen, Xiong’an and Suzhou, processing RMB 1.1 billion across 3.1 million transactions.

仍然,许多政府和中央银行,包括美国联邦储备和欧洲央行,继续研究中央银行数码货币(CBDC)持有潜力,但已维持他们在此目前没有看到价值。许多人也在观看Stablecoin空间的增长 - 现在总价值超过250亿美元 - 由分散金融(DECI)和制度兴趣推动。这与监管机构的注意力增加相符,例如具有争议性的稳定的行为在美国和最近的letterfrom the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency. We can expect continued regulatory interest and activity in this area from around the world.

NFTS推动包容性财富

我们来了自加密以来的漫长方式,但relatively little progress has been made in realizing the potential of non-fungible tokens — a cryptocurrency token that is indivisible and unique — outside of the gaming context.

But we are already seeing shifts around the dialogue of inclusion. Previously, there was talk of democratizing access to high-value assets, such as art. While there still might be potential here, it’s important to consider the implications for creators as well. For instance,somehave spotlighted black artists and the role that加密艺术can play in allowing for greater ownership and wealth creation within the space, as well as艺术交流。我们还看到了如何转化为的早期迹象musicor writing.

Decentralized Infrastructure

对集中式平台和服务提供商掌握我们生活的权力的认识正在超越加密和区块区块的主流。例如,采取最近的mass exodus from WhatsApp to Signal在Facebook的数据共享策略中相对较小的,更改。

This may create an increase in demand for decentralized service provision. In 2020, we saw the highly anticipated launch of来自协议实验室的FileCoin和continued growth of Web 3.0 projects such as Keep,Oasis and Polkadot。公共云市场是最受高度集中的存在之一,四个提供者控制了80%的市场。分散的云存储目前是唯一可能对此现状构成挑战的唯一选择。随着AI的进步,这种转变可能导致人类和机器相互作用范围的显着扩展,以及向网3.0的过渡加速。

Even as we have been wrestling with the consequences of the greatest social and economic disruption of our lifetimes, the pace of work across the blockchain ecosystem has been accelerating. The great news is that awareness of the potential of decentralized systems now lives beyond the minds of a tiny minority and is slowly gaining awareness among a larger audience — although the bitcoin price index remains the biggest reason most people pay any attention to the space.

因此,我们很可能会看到全球监管机构和政策制定者的持续兴趣,特别是在数字货币周围。我们已经开始看到市场整合增加,这可能是增加市场成熟度的迹象。无论发生在2021年的发生什么,它都肯定是野年,一个是书籍。

This piece was originally published in the世界经济论坛博客

Sheila Warren

Head of Blockchain and Data Policy at World Economic Forum

Sheila Warren is the head of blockchain and data policy and a member of the executive committee at theWorld Economic Forum。She begun her career as a Wall Street attorney before turning to philanthropy and non-profit tech over a decade ago and has represented banks, philanthropists and progress non-profits.

    Sumedha Deshmukh.

    Platform Curator of Blockchain and Digital Currency at World Economic Forum

    Sumedha Deshmukh是区块链和数字货币的平台策展人World Economic Forum